Locals believe the states impetus towards the development of what would eventually become malaysia. This case looks at the ambiguous and ambivalent interfaces of history in the historical city of melaka also known as malacca in malaysia. Melaka and world heritage status article pdf available in conservation and management of archaeological sites 123. Francis valentijn 1726 malacca is about 150 kilometer south of kuala lumpur. It is the oldest malaysian city on the straits of malacca, having become a successful entrepot in the era of the malacca sultanate. Historical accounts recorded in the book nagarakertagama narrated. The history of the fort of malacca during the portuguese and dutch time. Malacca history dubbed malaysias unofficial historic capital, malacca declared a unesco world heritage site in 2008 is one of the countrys most unassuming states. The presence of these historical sites and museums will take you on a walk through melaka s rich history. At one time, malacca was one of the most popular destinations in the world and was one of the most important trading ports in southeast asia. There he founded a malay kingdom, the kings of which.
Presentday malacca in the nation of malaysia reflects its tumultuous history a multiracial population of malays, indians, and chinese call this historic city home. Best family accommodations of malacca and how to reach by bus 1 chapters updated aug 22, 2017 12. The house gives a good representation of the rich, literal, history of melaka. Asian history history books singapore authors image pdf free history history activities old malacca by sarnia hayes hoyt 56 britains colonial struggles in pictures. Parameswara 1401 to 1511 was the founder of malacca. Pauls church at the top of the hill, surrounded by the fort. In the history of world trade there have been few more powerful or pervasive geographic. Malacca history has been established long before pareswara comes in malacca. History of penang part of the straits settlement under british colonial rule. By the first decade of the sixteenth century malacca was a bustling, cosmopolitan port, attracting hundreds of ships each year. The strait of malacca became an important maritime trade route between india and china. It was once one of the worlds most important trading ports, so it also makes sense that malacca start the street art with the buildings beside the river. However, the historic allure of malacca nevertheless continued to draw visitors to the seaport.
The city was founded about 1400, when paramesvara, the ruler of tumasik now singapore, fled from the forces of the javanese kingdom of majapahit and found refuge at the site, then a small fishing village. Popular sells a wide variety of fiction, nonfiction and general interest books in english, chinese and malay languages, as well as school textbooks and revision books. The historical city of malacca unesco world heritage sites. List of books and articles about malaysia history online. Across the northsouth expressway youll be within two hours in malacca. Maliujia, dubbed the historic state, is a state in malaysia located in the southern region of the malay peninsula, next to the strait of malacca the state is bordered by negeri sembilan to the north and west and johor to the south. Averages are for malacca, which is 5 miles from malacca city. The original text, written prior to 1536, underwent changes in 1612, ordered by sultan abdullah maayah shah. Sejarah melayu, one of the finest literary and historical works in the malay language. Malaysia history, southeast asian history, books barnes. In addition, it also offers a large selection of magazines, stationery, multimedia products, gift items and cds. History foreign influence and settlement for early history of west malaysia, see malay peninsula. History of melaka lonely planet travel information.
Melaka, formerly malacca, town and port, peninsular west malaysia, on the strait of malacca, at the mouth of the sluggish melaka river. Malacca sultanate palace is an exquisite piece of malay architecture and is a replica of the original 15th century palace of malaccas extinct sultanate. History of kedah the oldest kingdom and sultanate in malaysia. The presentday city was founded by parameswara, a sumatran prince who escaped to the malay peninsula when. This compact malaysian states catchphrase dont mess with melaka sums up its confident attitude. He was a fugitive prince from the palembang in sumatra, and attack palembang. This wooden replica of the sultans palace houses the malacca cultural museum.
The malacca sultanate was a powerful maritime and commercial empire that shaped the political, social and cultural systems of the malay peninsula. The cheng hoon teng temple or temple of clear clouds at jalan tokong, malacca, is the most venerable and maybe the grandest chinese temple in malaysia. Malacca was known as whu shu among the chinese sailors. Most notably, peranakan and portuguese communities still thrive in malacca, a reminder of the states long experience with trading and colonization. Boasting a good blend of historic attractions from the salmonpink stadhuys to the jonker walk night market malacca is also home to a smorgasbord of great food. The tigers of mompracem by emilio salgari 1st book in series kampung boy by lat 1st book in series joss and gold by shirley geoklin lim consuls file by paul theroux massacre at parit sulong by gilblert mant the plantation by di morrissey kampung girl by umi kalsom the malacca conspiracy by don brown. History of perak a sultanate that evolved from kedah. Malacca history attraction things to do for tourist.
When the portuguese captured malacca 1511, its sultan fled first to pahang and then to johor and the riau archipelago. An introductory history, first published in 1979 and now in its eighth edition, and, most recently, the mekong. An early western account of the area is seen in ptolemys book geographia, which mentions a golden khersonese, now identified as the malay peninsula. Top 10 historical places to visit in melaka malacca. History in the 14th century, melaka was just another fishing village until it attracted the attention of parameswara, a hindu prince from sumatra. Concerning the malaccan sultanate, it was composed sometime in the 15th or 16th century. Melaka fort in melaka the transformation of a malay capital ca. Water has always been a big part of malaccas history. Jan 01, 2009 a history of modern singapore, 18192005 provides a solid foundation and an overarching framework for this research, surveying singapores trajectory from a small british port to a major trading and financial hub within the british empire and finally to the modern city state that singapore became after gaining independence in 1965.
Try searching on jstor for other items related to this book. Pdf through history, the straits of malacca have been a highway for. A very interesting book on the portuguese heritage and history of malacca. Historical trade and knowledge hubs along the straits of malacca. The exclave of cape rachado also borders negeri sembilan to the north. Formerly one of the straits settlements 2, it was constituted a state of malaya in 1957 see malaysia 3. Indeed swettenham practically established the framework for. Recent years have seen melaka capitalise on its illustrious history and assert itself as one of malaysias most irresistible tourist draws. Penang started the street art trend in malaysia and malacca soon followed suit with their river art project in 2012. Pdf on jan 1, 2008, solvay gerke and others published the straits of malacca. History of malacca melaka historical city along the malacca strait. Parameswara had thrown off allegiance to the majapahit empire and fled to temasek modernday singapore, where his piracy and other exploits provoked a siamese attack in 98, forcing him to flee once more to melaka, where he established his new. The book of duarte barbosa, hakluyt society, london, 1918, p.
Over time, it changed from a thriving port to a sleepy backwater city. It was during this period of malacca s history that islam was introduced to the malay world, arriving along with gujarati traders from western india. Pdf the history of melakas urban morphology researchgate. Bandaraya melaka or kota melaka, is the capital city of the malaysian state of malacca. Although the region has an ancient culture and a rich history, the nation of malaysia is only about 50 years old. There are a number of historical destinations in melaka including the timehonored buildings, monuments, palaces, and parks where you can learn about the glorious past of melaka.
However, contemporary malaysia regards the entire history of malaya, spanning thousands of years back to prehistoric times, as its own history, and as such it is treated in this page. The importance of the strait of malacca in global trade networks continued well into later centuries with the rise of the malacca sultanate in the 15th century, the johor sultanate, and the rise of the modern citystate of singapore. Based on weather reports collected during 20052015. For centuries, port cities on the malay archipelago served as important stops for spice and silk traders plying the indian ocean. Melaka and george town, historic cities of the straits of malacca. Declaration of melaka as a historical city 2021, 2022 and. Malacca history and legends go back as far as the late 14th century, starting from its humble beginnings as a coastal village and rise to prominence under the malaccan sultanate to cautionary tales of fairies and loyalty to the king. The palace is built based on sketches found in the ancient sejarah melayu malay annals. Founded sometime in the 17th century, the building was somewhat incongruously used by the dutchnominated leaders of the chinese community as their court of justice, with people sometimes. The history of melakas urban morphology is an interesting chapter in the development of a pluralistic urban environment, made possible by an increasingly globalised world since the 15 th century. Turbulent past, uncertain future, published in 2000. British strategic interests in the straits of malacca, 17861819 core. Cortesao, a 2005, the suma oriental of tome pires and the book of.628 1417 689 301 1122 315 1065 1344 1330 1613 963 646 640 273 520 1255 1466 358 740 208 1120 1028 1547 453 159 553 1015 803 804 115 6 1324 940 545 322 360 521 1461 1085 46 1125 254 887